Transactive Memory and Distributed Cognitive Ecologies
OVERVIEW: Does the internet alter the way we remember? What understanding of memory makes sense in light of our rich interactions with technologies and with other people? This presentation introduces theoretical and empirical work on distributed cognitive ecologies as a framework for addressing web science and the mind. It surveys recent accounts of the effect of new technologies on human memory, with a focus on transactive memory theory. It embeds recent empirical findings on the ways we remember in conjunction with each other and with online systems in a broader picture of socially distributed remembering. In place of metaphysical concerns about extended cognition and popular worries about the erosion of natural memory, it suggests a number of rich research possibilities for integrating the cognitive and social sciences.
READINGS:Michaelian, K., & Sutton, J. (2013). Distributed cognition and memory research: History and current directions. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 4(1), 1-24.
Sutton, J., Harris, C. B., Keil, P. G., & Barnier, A. J. (2010). The psychology of memory, extended cognition, and socially distributed remembering. Phenomenology and the cognitive sciences, 9(4), 521-560.